Exclusives   Analyses   Reports   Publications  
Sri Lanka: TNA sending out
 confusing signals to India?
Sri Lanka's Northern Province Tamil Chief Minister C V Wigneswaran seems to be sending contradictory signals to India through his actions. On the one hand, he wants India to play an active role in finding a 'political solution' to the ethnic problem. On the other, he boycotted the India-funded Colombo-Jaffna railway inauguration and earlier President's invitation to be part of the delegation to India.
  more analysis>>
Special Report
NSA calls for UN Convention against Terrorism at Munich Security Conference
22 October 2014
Speaking at the Munich Security Conference in Delhi, NSA A.K. Doval said there is a need for collective response by countries to tackle terrorism as it will be very difficult for countries individually to fight terror effectively. He called for a Comprehensive United Nations Convention against Terrorism.
India's FDI dreams
17 October 2014
Jayshree Sengupta
Billions of dollars in FDI have been assured to India thanks to Prime Minister Modi's successful foreign tours. However, there also has to be real technology transfer that spills over to the local economy. Only then, Modi's dream of FDI as 'First Development India' can be fulfilled.
Russia hugs China
17 October 2014
C. Raja Mohan
As Russia embraces China to relieve the pressures from the West, India's room for geopolitical manoeuvre in Asia and beyond is bound to shrink. Earlier, though both India and Russia had begun to normalise bilateral relations with China in the 1980s, they remained wary about Beijing.
The future of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation
17 October 2014
Swagata Saha
SCO members need to take a two-track approach to make it a successful regional grouping. At the macro level, it must forge a common vision and mutual trust with similar groupings such as the Collective Security Treaty Organization. At a micro level, bilateral and regional issues between member states need to be addressed.
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ORF Policy Perspective
Sustainable Development Goals: The Quest for a Post-2015 Agenda
14 October 2014
Vivan Sharan and Sunil Suri
Issue No. 2
The Observer Research Foundation and Saferworld, UK, with support from the UK Department of International Development, hosted a workshop in New Delhi in August 2014 with the objective of identifying priorities to help secure an inclusive agreement on the SDGs.
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Issue Brief
Lebanon: Caught in the Regional Crossfire
18 October 2014
Avinash Tharoor
Issue No. 75
Lebanon, the smallest nation in continental Asia, is also one of the most populous. A relatively stable, secure and democratic state, its geographical location and the growing regional crisis are leading to pressing internal and external threats that Beirut must face.
The Afghanistan Factor in India's Approach to Central Asia
13 October 2014
Aryaman Bhatnagar
Issue No. 78
This issue brief examines how Afghanistan facilitates India's objectives vis--vis Central Asia and explores how engagement with Central Asia, in turn, could play a major role in furthering India's interests in Afghanistan.
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India needs scholars to formulate effective China policy
10 October 2014
For formulating an effective China policy, India needs scholars well versed in Chinese language and culture who should be able to understand and appreciate the Chinese style of diplomacy to foster better synergy and cooperation between the two countries.
Building 100 Smart Cities in India: Issues to be addressed
04 October 2014
Most participants at an ORF conference on urban development and creation of 100 smart cities in India felt that creation of smart cities is an extremely challenging exercise and for this, careful planning and effective project implementation are required.
  more >>
Occasional Paper
Sanctions and the Ukraine Crisis: How Strong is Europe's Dependence on Russian Gas?
15 September 2014
Thomas Elmar Schuppe
Issue No. 53
What can and should the Western world do in reaction to Russia's annexation of Crimea, which has been widely condemned as a harsh infringement of international law?
  more >>
China Weekly Report
China urges concerted Asian-European efforts to fight terrorism, epidemics
20 October 2014
Vol IV, Issue 32
Chinese Premier Li Keqiang on October 17 called on Asian and European countries to jointly tackle security challenges, including terrorism and outbreaks of infectious diseases,
  more >>
South Asia Weekly Report
Cross-border migration to Thailand
17 October 2014
Mihir Bhonsale
Vol VII, Issue 42
The issue of migrant workers was one of the important topics for discussion when the Thai Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-Cha visited Myanmar on his first official visit on 9-10 October.
Country Reports: 
Afghanistan | Bangladesh | Bhutan | India | Maldives | Myanmar | Nepal | Pakistan |Sri Lanka
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Energy News Monitor
Shades of Grey: The Annals of the Indian Coal Industry (part II)
10 October 2014
Vol XI, Issue 17
Contrary to common belief that this 'mafia mode of production' is one of the key barriers to reform of the coal sector, the investigative report claims that it is in reality a 'complementary department'
  more >>
Space Alert
India's Mars Mission: A Major Boost for its Space Credentials
06 October 2014
Vol II, Issue 6
India's successful Mars mission on September 24, 2014 has ensured India a seat in an exclusive club that include the US, Russia and Europe. India's Prime Minister Narendra Modi who witnessed the final insertion of the spacecraft into Martian orbit described the success as ?historic."
  more >>
ORF Cyber Monitor
Digital Strategies for Disaster Management: Lessons from Kashmir
05 October, 2014
Vol II, Issue 10
In a passionate letter explaining his government's failure to coordinate relief efforts in Jammu and Kashmir, Chief Minister Omar Abdullah stated that a breakdown in connectivity due to unprecedented flooding caused a 'missing government' in a time of crisis.
  more >>
West Asia Monitor
Iran and the coalition against the Islamic State
1 October 2014
Vol I, Issue II
At a meeting held in Paris on September 15 to 'build a coalition' against the Islamic State (IS), Iran was left out of the list of participants.
  more >>
South China Sea Monitor
Emerging Asian Power Play and the Maritime Silk Road
1 October 2014
Vol III, Issue 10
Two high-profile visits this month?President Xi Jinping's maiden visits to the Maldives and Sri Lanka, two important islands in the Indian Ocean and later to India as well as President Pranab Mukherjee's visit to Vietnam,
  more >>
ORF Special Report
Oil & Gas in India: The Milestones (1825-2012)
11 September 2014
Dinesh Kumar Madhrey
1825: Lieutenant R. Wilcox of the 46th Regiment Native Infantry, who with his small survey party was on a military mission to maintain law and order, spotted oil seepages in the north-eastern corner of Assam in September.
  more >>
China Military Watch
Senior Chinese military official warns against Japanese militarism
02 July 2014
Vol III, Issue 13
A senior Chinese military official said on June 22 that all peace-loving people should keep alert about Japan's further inclination toward a wrong and dangerous path and the revival of its militarism.
  more >>
Annual Report
Annual Report 2014

Observer Research Foundation (ORF) is an endeavour to aid and influence formulation of policies for building a strong and prosperous India. The expectations of the global community from India are immense as the country is poised to play a leading role in the knowledge age. The Foundation believes that in the next 15 years, India will be one of the great economic powers in the world and contribute to a significant transformation in the quality of life of humanity.
  more >>







Conference on

"United States Foreign Policy in International Perspective"
Monday, 20 October 2014
(9:00 AM To 5:30 PM)
Venue: ORF-Delhi, Conference Hall



ORF-ZEIT Stiftung Ebelin und Gerd Bucerius (Hamburg)

"4th Asian Forum on Global Governance"
26 October to 4 November 2014
(9:00 AM To 5:30 PM)
Venue: Hyatt Regency, New Delhi



ORF-CIS Conference

"Security, Governments and Technology: Exploring Policy and Practice"
Tuesday, 4 November 2014
(11:00 AM To 5:30 PM)
Venue: ORF-Delhi, Conference Hall



Talk on

"Deepening Global Higher Education Partnerships: The Role of MOOCs"
by Dr Richard Levin, CEO, Courseera
Friday, 7 November 2014
(3:00 PM To 5:00 PM)
Venue: ORF-Delhi Conference Hall



Roundtable Discussion

Wednesday, 12 November 2014
(10:00 AM To 6:00 PM)
Venue: ORF-Delhi, Conference Hall




"The Cost of Precision Strike"
Friday, 14 November 2014
(10:00 AM To 12:30 PM)
Venue: ORF-Delhi, Conference Hall



Roundtable Discussion

Wednesday, 12 November 2014
(10:00 AM To 6:00 PM)
Venue: ORF-Delhi, Conference Hall



ORF-PRIO Conference on

"Emerging Challenges in an Urbanizing India: Governance, Security and Climate Change"
Tuesday, 18 November 2013
(9:30 AM To 6:00 PM)
Wednesday, 19 November 2013
(10:00 AM To 5:30 PM)
Venue: India Habitat Centre,New Delhi



Interaction with

"The Polish Institute for International Affairs"
Tuesday, 18 November 2013
(11:00 AM To 1:00 PM)
Venue: ORF-Delhi, Conference Hall



International Conference on

"Regional Integration in the Indo-Pacific: Prospects and Challenges"
Monday, 24 November 2013
(6:00 PM To 8:00 PM)
Tuesday, 25 November 2013
(10:00 AM To 6:00 PM)
Venue: The Oberoi Hotel, New Delhi



ORF-Russkiy Mir Conference

"New Problems and Trends in Global Geopolitics"
4-5 December 2014
(10:00 AM To 5:00 PM)
Venue: ORF-Delhi, Conference Hall




"Mekong Ganga Dialogue"
Friday, 5 December 2014
(6:00 PM To 10:00 PM)
Venue: Shangrila, New delhi
Saturday, 6 December 2014
(10:00 AM To 6:00 PM)
Venue: ORF-Delhi
Sunday, 7 December 2014
(10:00 AM To 6:00 PM)
Venue: ORF Kolkatta




"India-US Strategic Dialogue"
6-8 December 2014
(10:00 AM To 4:00 PM)
Venue: Agra










Shades of Grey: The Annals of the Indian Coal Industry (part III)
14 Octber 2014
Lydia Powell,

The dramatic increase in coal production after nationalisation in the early 1970s had three major irreversible consequences in the context of India's energy supply in general and the role of coal in energy supply in particular.

more >>
India's climate change strategy: Expanding differentiated responsibility
07 October 2014
Samir Saran and Will Poff-Webster

For Lima and Paris climate change negotiations to succeed in achieving consensus, the issue of equitable response to the climate crisis must be creatively reimagined.

Modi and the Middle East: Towards a Link West Policy
07 October 2014
C. Raja Mohan

In the past, India avoided talking to major powers like the US and Europe on the Middle East.

more >>
Digital governance: Need for regulating cloud ecosystem
04 October 2014
R. Swaminathan

India will become a digital society. It is also deploying all the right pieces and infrastructure for a digital economy.

Modi and Obama's war
01 October 2014
C. Raja Mohan

The real issue is not about double standards on terrorism. Nor is hypocrisy a monopoly of either America or India. The problem is different.

more >>
Japan and China seeking a limited truce?
09 October 2014
K.V. Kesavan

The forthcoming APEC annual summit, to be held in Beijing in November,

Modi's America
24 September 2014
C Raja Mohan

India must improve relations with both Washington and Beijing and not limit ties with one because of the other.

more >>
Not so coy
08 October 2014
C. Raja Mohan

What is new is the fact that Delhi under Modi is no longer coy about affirming its position in conjunction with the US.

Xi Jinping visit - a wasted opportunity to break new ground
25 September 2014

The Chinese diplomacy seems to have erred on the side of aggression.

more >>