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Maldives: Reading China's 'Indian
 signals' wrong?
The unresolved India-China border dispute brings China closer to the Indian Ocean in every political and geo-strategic calculation of nations like Maldives and Sri Lanka, even though they are not as close to both the 'Asian giants' as the rest of India's South Asian neighbours.
  more analysis>>
 
Analysis
 
Lessons from the neighbourhood
26 November, 2014
Deepak Sinha
India's military leadership should look to Nepal to understand how insurgencies can be peacefully terminated instead of just looking for more potent ways of neutralising separatists.
 
India must adjust to the rise of China
25 November, 2014
Manoj Joshi
India's best course is the one that Prime Minister Modi is setting. This seeks to position India as a "swing state". On one hand, India has joined the New Development Bank, the AIIB and resisted American-led efforts to condemn Russia over Ukraine. On the other, it is actively wooing the US and its allies, Japan and Australia, in the Asia Pacific region.
 
SAARC Summit: Long term opportunities and immediate threats
24 November, 2014
Mirza Sadaqat Huda
Despite SAARC's failures of the past, the repeated declarations by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi of the need to reinvigorate ties with neighbouring states have created a renewed interest in the possibilities of multilateral cooperation under SAARC.
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Paper
 
The Bay of Bengal at the Crossroads: Potential for Cooperation among Bangladesh, India and Myanmar
26 November 2014
K Yhome
Emerging geopolitical changes in the Bay of Bengal (BoB) region are unleashing its enormous economic potential. However,if political obstacles, among these littoral states, along with strategic competition between the major powers,
  more paper >>
Report
 
Indo-US ties moving to transformational stage, says ex-diplomat
17 November 2014
Viewed through the prism of recent difficulties in India-US engagement, the focus of PM Modi?s US visit was in the nature of the leadership of the two nations getting to know each other, as well as aimed at building trust and fostering commitment between them.
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Issue Brief
 
Army Aviation: Does the Army Needs it own Air Force?
15 November 2014
Pranay S. Ahluwalia
Issue No. 81
The National Security Initiative of the Observer Research Foundation held a workshop to examine the relevance of the Army Aviation Corps. This report details the outcome of a discussion amongst prominent defence personnel.
 
India and Saudi Arabia: The Scope for Greater Security Cooperation
06 November 2014
Kanchi Gupta
Issue No. 80
Saudi Arabia and India recently signed a defence cooperation agreement, signalling a shift in ties. This issue brief looks at the importance of Indo-Saudi relations from a geopolitical perspective, outlines the trajectory of their bilateral defence partnership, and emphasises the symbiotic nature of their relations.
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ORF Seminar Series
 
Rivers of Conflict or Rivers of Peace: Water Sharing between India and China
15 November 2014
Pranab Kumar Ray
Prof. Pranab Kumar Ray (Director, Centre for Hydro-Meteorological Research, Kolkata) scrutinises the need for water sharing between India and China, dispels misconceptions and provides a framework for an Integrated Basin Water Management system.
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China Weekly Report
 
Chinese government further cuts redtape
26 November 2014
Vol IV, Issue 37
China's State Council announced it would exempt more items from central government approvals in a bid to ease burdens on enterprises and lower financing and investment costs.
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Africa Monitor
 
Sushma Swaraj meets South Africa, Ivory Coast leaders
24 November 2014
Vol. IV Issue. 27
Ways to intensify bilateral engagements in diverse areas including trade and business figured prominently during talks External Affairs Sushma Swaraj held with leaders from South Africa and Cote d'Ivoire.
  more >>
South Asia Weekly Report
 
Collateral damage, sovereignty, and differentiated resentment
21 November 2014
Kaustav Dhar Chakrabarti
Vol VII, Issue 47
Civil wars are drawn-out conflicts, often lasting up to a decade or even longer before a political settlement is reached. Pakistan's military campaign against Pashtun militants, variously allied to the Afghan Taliban, the al-Qaeda, and often fighting for localised interests has stretched into its 12th year.
Country Reports: 
Afghanistan | Bangladesh | Bhutan | India | Maldives | Myanmar | Nepal | Pakistan |Sri Lanka
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Energy News Monitor
 
Facing Downside Risks -The Oil Price Slump and how it might affect Gas Prices (part I)
21 November 2014
Vol XI, Issue 23
Although the share of crude oil in the worldwide energy consumption is continuously declining for the benefit of cleaner forms of primary energy as natural gas or renewables but also coal,
  more >>
ORF Cyber Monitor
 
The ITU and Unbundling Internet Governance
05 November, 2014
Vol II, Issue 11
At this month's Plenipotentiary Conference of the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) in Busan, South Korea, India will argue that the ITU has a role to play in Internet governance.
  more >>
West Asia Monitor
 
India and the Islamic State
1 November 2014
Vol I, Issue III
The kidnapping of Indians in Iraq in June this year and the increasing number of Indians reportedly joining the Islamic State (IS) has elevated the degree of threat to India posed by the Sunni insurgent group.
  more >>
South China Sea Monitor
 
Jokowi's Maritime Address
01 November 2014
Vol III, Issue 11
During his inaugural speech, Indonesia's new President Joko Widodo--popularly known as 'Jokowi'--strongly emphasised on the need to strengthen Indonesia's maritime capability and urged his countrymen to help him make Indonesia a 'maritime nation once again'.
  more >>
Space Alert
 
India's Mars Mission: A Major Boost for its Space Credentials
06 October 2014
Vol II, Issue 6
India's successful Mars mission on September 24, 2014 has ensured India a seat in an exclusive club that include the US, Russia and Europe. India's Prime Minister Narendra Modi who witnessed the final insertion of the spacecraft into Martian orbit described the success as ?historic."
  more >>
ORF Special Report
 
Oil & Gas in India: The Milestones (1825-2012)
11 September 2014
Dinesh Kumar Madhrey
1825: Lieutenant R. Wilcox of the 46th Regiment Native Infantry, who with his small survey party was on a military mission to maintain law and order, spotted oil seepages in the north-eastern corner of Assam in September.
  more >>
China Military Watch
 
Senior Chinese military official warns against Japanese militarism
02 July 2014
Vol III, Issue 13
A senior Chinese military official said on June 22 that all peace-loving people should keep alert about Japan's further inclination toward a wrong and dangerous path and the revival of its militarism.
  more >>
Annual Report
 
Annual Report 2014



Observer Research Foundation (ORF) is an endeavour to aid and influence formulation of policies for building a strong and prosperous India. The expectations of the global community from India are immense as the country is poised to play a leading role in the knowledge age. The Foundation believes that in the next 15 years, India will be one of the great economic powers in the world and contribute to a significant transformation in the quality of life of humanity.
  more >>

 

 
 



  

  

 
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Energy/Coal/Power
 
US-China Climate Deal: Not a Big Deal
18 November 2014
Lydia Powell

Last week, the United States and China released a 'Joint Announcement on Climate Change'. Some of the mainstream media outlets concluded that it was a historic agreement.

 
Can India become Self Reliant in Coal Production?
18 November 2014
Ashish Gupta

The continuous increase in imports of coal in the past few years has become a major source of concern, especially in the light of increasing current account deficit during the last few years.

 
Facing Downside Risks -The Oil Price Slump and how it might affect Gas Prices (part I)
18 November 2014
Thomas Elmar Schuppe

This paper is split into two parts: This present part (I) is dealing with the currently vibrant oil price trends and the second part (II) will take a closer look at its effects on natural gas markets and pricing.

more >>
 
International
War against ISIS: The picture is gloomy
17 November 2014
Ravi Joshi

In the war against ISIS, the picture is gloomy. The ISIS is unlikely to be pushed back as long as the Coalition's War against it remains only aerial.

 
Modi's Canberra visit: Continuing the momentum
15 November 2014
Rajeswari Pillai Rajagopalan

Prime Minister Modi's visit to Australia, taking place nearly 30 years after the last Indian Prime Ministerial visit (Rajiv Gandhi in 1986), comes at a critical time for both countries - when strategic equations are being redrawn, creating new Asian security dynamics.

more >>
National
Redefining multi-stakeholderism for internet
15 November 2014
R. Swaminathan

Democratic multi-stakeholderism has the potential to mitigate the genuine concerns of sovereign nations in terms of protection of their cyber resources and infrastructure - not only from anonymous hackers and non-state actors,

 
Nehru's realism
14 November 2014
C. Raja Mohan

As India's most influential voice on foreign affairs in the run-up to Independence and its chief diplomat for the first 17 years of the republic, Nehru said and did things that can't be stuffed into one box labelled "Nehruvian".

more >>
 
China
Chinese perceptions of Modi's foreign policy
14 November 2014
Rajeswari Pillai Rajagopalan

Tibet and the Dalai Lama's status continue to worry the Chinese. India's stated policy that Tibet is part of China notwithstanding, Chinese feel that India has a hidden agenda.

 
Japan walks the extra mile
11 November 2014
Manoj Joshi

The four-point agreement that was worked out by State Councillor Yang Jichei and Japanese National Security Adviser Shotaro Yachi to enable the meeting between President Xi Jinping of China and Prime Minister Shinzo Abe of Japan indicates that Tokyo has walked the extra mile to assuage the Chinese.

more >>
 
Security
Like a Lady Macbeth
13 November 2014
Vikram Sood

Throughout the 1990s, the Anglo-US duo remained obsessed with India's nuclear plans and virtually refused any discussions on Pakistani assistance to terrorism in India.

 
India's strategic Vietnam defence relations
13 November 2014
P.K. Ghosh

Vietnam has its own difficult history with China. It is not surprising, then, that this emerging country is often seen as a linchpin in India's counter-encirclement and "Look East" policies.

more >>