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Citizen Kalam: Fine mind,
 biggest heart
In generations to come, India will no doubt produce finer minds; but it is unlikely to give us a bigger heart. More than his achievements as a missile and defence technologist, beyond governmental accomplishments and far removed from the prizes and honours he received, President A.P.J. Abdul Kalam touched human lives.
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Addressing India's missing girls: Time to re-evaluate strategies
28 July 2015
Vidisha Mishra
The government is approaching the issue of declining sex ratio with a new commitment. It should be tackled with nuanced policy interventions. Instead of introducing more schemes, the existing schemes could be made more accessible and the loopholes could be confronted.
Kalam raised the status of the presidency
28 July 2015
Manoj Joshi
Many politicians and leaders go out of their way to claim that they are the aam aadmi. But if there was ever a man of the people, it was A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, who rose from a humble background to become India's true People's President.
Vyapam scam: State Govt has a lot to explain
28 July 2015
Ashok Malik
The sheer magnitude of Vyapam has stunned people. The Bharatiya Janata Party, in power in Madhya Pradesh for the duration of Vyapam, is clearly answerable for the mess. Its government and chief minister have a lot to explain.
India's economic reforms: A flashback
27 July 2015
Sandeep Bamzai
India launched its economic reforms 25 years back. Looking back, it seems if Dr Manmohan Singh's dream team had continued with the reforms during Singh's premiership, India would not have to lose a decade. Then India would have reaped the breakthrough benefit.
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Chinese leadership promoting strategy of military assertiveness
24 July 2015
China's increasing assertiveness is not ad hoc and random; it fits in with their overall military strategy. And, finding this strategy to be quite effective, Chinese leadership are promote it, according to Dr. Oriana Skylar Mastro of the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University.
There cannot be any talk of a humiliation of Greece, says EU Ambassador
21 July 2015
Ambassador of the European Union to India, Dr. Joao Cravinho, admits that the current problem is "big" and it is "about the EU project", but he also believes that "the EU has the strength to deal with Greece" and that it has come out stronger after every crisis it has been facing in the past.
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Occasional Paper
Resurgence of Al-Qaeda in South Asia Post-US Drawdown
10 July 2015
Aryaman Bhatnagar and Wilson John
Issue No. 65
An examination of the prospects for al-Qaeda following the US drawdown in Afghanistan and the likely threats which the region, and India in particular, might face in the future. A supplementary scrutiny of ISIS, and the group's possible expansion in the region, is also proffered.
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Trends in Russia-China Relations: Implications for India
06 July 2015
The upsurge in China-Russia ties carries an enormous impact on India. This monograph examines the trends and patterns of Sino-Russian relations from the strategic, economic and political perspectives as well as the interplay of these relations in the Russian Far East.
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Issue Brief
Re-examining India's Nuclear Doctrine
08 July 2015
Pushan Das
Issue. 94
This paper follows the proceedings of a workshop organised by ORF in August 2014 to re-examine India's nuclear doctrine. The workshop explored the challenges posed to India by Pakistan's introduction of battlefield nuclear weapons or Tactical Nuclear Weapons (TNWs),
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ORF Paper
Iran Nuclear Deal: Implications of the Framework Agreement
June 2015
This E-book, published under the GP-ORF Series, lobal Policy - ORF Series, consists of nine chapters dealing with various aspects of the Framework Agreement, announced on April 2, 2015. The agreement is a significant step forward. (For Smashword version, click here)
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China Weekly Report
China looks for new cruise route to disputed South China Sea island
27 July 2015
Vol V, Issue 28
Chinese authorities plan to start a second cruise ship link to the disputed Paracel Islands in the South China Sea, state media reported on July 27, in a move that may irk Vietnam, which also claims the islets.
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Africa Monitor
Akon to raise funds for African lighting initiative
24 July 2015
Vol. IV Issue. 44
The Locked Up hit maker has been working on providing solar power to those living in rural areas, through his Akon Lighting Africa company, which he co-founded in 2013, and now he's set to launch a Solar Academy in Mali, where engineers will be taught how to harness the sun's energy, reported Music Times.
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South Asia Weekly Report
Maldives: How independent is Independence?
24 July 2015
N. Sathiya Moorthy
Vol VIII, Issue 30
For a nation celebrating the golden jubilee of the country's Independence, Maldives has been at sixes and sevens through the previous year. And for a people who have taken politics and democracy with all its dynamism and vibrancy,
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Energy News Monitor
People's Action Plan on Climate Change for Karnataka
24 July 2015
Vol XII, Issue 6
These recommendations can go a long way in strengthening the National Action Plan and the State Action Plan on Climate Change, whose recommendations have not been known to the public. Since about 1,000 people from various walks of life have contributed to these recommendations,
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ORF Cyber Monitor
The Shifting Digital Pivot
10 July, 2015
Vol III, Issue 7
India needs to build strategies to successfully navigate the global internet governance ecosystem, to carve out a niche for itself and achieve 'Indian exceptionalism' in cyberspace.
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Space Alert
SAARC SAT: India's Own TCBM or A Strategic Outreach?
July 2015
Vol III, Issue 3
On the occasion of the successful launch of the PSLV-C23 in June 2014, Prime Minister Modi announced the development of a SAARC Satellite, called SAARC SAT, for sharing the benefits of satellite technology with its South Asian neighbours.
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West Asia Monitor
Egyptian President Sisi's Latest Move: Germany
6 July 2015
Vol I, Issue XI
Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi has been engaged in significant diplomatic activism since he took office. He has met with regional leaders from Saudi Arabia, Jordan and the UAE and has emerged as a key pillar in Riyadh's attempts to consolidate a Sunni bloc in the region.
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South China Sea Monitor
China places oil rig back in Vietnam's EEZ
01 July 2015
Vol IV, Issue 7
On June 25, China moved its state owned oil rig HD-981 closer to Vietnam's coast following last year's protests over a similar move.
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Annual Report
Annual Report 2014

Observer Research Foundation (ORF) is an endeavour to aid and influence formulation of policies for building a strong and prosperous India. The expectations of the global community from India are immense as the country is poised to play a leading role in the knowledge age. The Foundation believes that in the next 15 years, India will be one of the great economic powers in the world and contribute to a significant transformation in the quality of life of humanity.
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Talk on

"Defending the Global Commons"
by H.E. Mr. Richard Verma, US Ambassador to India.
Friday, 31 July 2015
(2:30 PM To 3:30 PM)
Venue: ORF-Delhi, Conference Hall



Talk on

"TN bid to de-congest Palk Bay fishing"
by Mr. N. Sathiyamoorthy
Saturday, 1 August 2015
(11:00 AM To 1:00 PM)
Venue: ORF-Chennai Conference Hall



Launch of the Strategic Rationale for Deeper U.S. Indian Economic Ties.
Friday, 7 August 2015
(3:00 PM To 5:00 PM)
Venue: ORF-Delhi, Conference Hall




"CYFY 2015"
14-16 October 2015
(10:00 AM To 6:00 PM)
Venue: New Delhi



ORF-ZEIT Stiftung Ebelin und Gerd Bucerius (Hamburg)

"5th Asian Forum on Global Governance"
25 October to 3 November 2015
(9:00 AM To 5:00 PM)
Venue: Hyatt Regency, New Delhi














India's Energy Sector: About to Take-off? (Part II)
21 July 2015
Lydia Powell and Akhilesh Sati,

Last week's column observed that India's energy take-off may be an 'optical illusion' caused by China's slow-down.

People's Action Plan on Climate Change for Karnataka
21 July 2015
Shankar Sharma,

A people's action plan on Climate Change for the state was released on recent World Environment Day in Bangalore by the Chief Minister of Karnataka.

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Eurozone to blame for Greece's problems
21 July 2015
Jayshree Sengupta

Greece's problems were inevitable because the concept of Eurozone is based on flawed solidarity.

India's quest for place at the UN high table
20 July 2015
Ashok Malik

The quest for a permanent seat is another challenge altogether. There is little appetite for UN reform in the international system,

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How will the Trans-Pacific Partnership affect India?
21 July 2015
Sylvia Mishra

The US-led TPP would face increasing competition as China recently concluded a free trade agreement with Australia (ChAFTA)

Modi's foreign policy style is continuity, not change
20 July 2015
Manoj Joshi

Continuity, rather than change, is the true hallmark of Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi's foreign policy.

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Abe's defence
21 July 2015
C. Raja Mohan

It's not often that one sees leaders take risks in the pursuit of a political conviction.

Civil society and internal security in China
20 July 2015
Mahalakshmi Ganapathy

In China, we see a situation emerging in the form of "mass incidents" (a term used by the Chinese State to define civil unrest).

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Why it is time to invest in Iran
21 July 2015
Manoj Joshi

The opening of Iran will alter the geopolitics of south-western Asia. Even so, India needs to tread with care.

Iran nuclear deal: The promise and the peril
20 July 2015
Rajesh Rajagopalan

The American justification that delaying any possible Iranian nuclear weapon programme is itself a benefit might be short-sighted

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